Calcium supplements' small benefits to bone strength must be weighed against the cardiovascular risks.
There is evidence that supplemental calcium may hasten vascular calcification and can raise the risk of heart attacks in otherwise healthy older women. An analysis of 15 double-blind, randomized trials with more than 8000 participants taking at least 500 mg of calcium supplements each day or a placebo, has shown significantly higher rates of heart attack in those taking calcium supplements. The data suggests that treating 1000 people with calcium supplements for 5 years would only prevent 26 fractures but would cause 14 additional heart attacks.
PositiveTip: Taking calcium supplements? You should talk to your physician about the small bone benefits against the cardiovascular risks.