Two recent observational studies found physical activity and a Mediterranean-type diet are associated with lower risks of cognitive decline in elders. The first was a US study of 2000 elders followed for five years. Close adherence to a Mediterranean-type diet and regular physical activity (even light activity like gardening) independently resulted in significantly less Alzheimer disease. The second study of 1400 French elders found close adherence to a similar diet resulted in slower cognitive decline.
PositiveTip: Want to reduce your risk of cognitive decline in the later years? Engage in a regular physical activity program and eat a diet low in fat, adequate in calories, whole grain cereals, minimal meat, and plenty of fruits and vegetables.