Effects of water-pipe smoking are very similar to cigarette smoking.
Have you heard of water-pipe smoking (WPS)? Long-practiced in the Middle East and Southeast Asia, it is gaining popularity in western nations--especially among college students and young professionals. New York researchers conducted a meta-analysis of six studies and found that both WPS and cigarette smokers experienced similar declines in lung-function measurements. Israeli scientists have also found strong similarities in carboxyhemoglobin levels, blood pressure, pulse, and respiratory rate changes between WPS and cigarette smokers.