All forms of combustible tobacco pose health risks to the user.
There are some who smoke cigars because they think they are not as harmful as cigarettes. A 26 year study of almost 360,000 U.S. adults, found those who exclusively smoked cigarettes experienced twice the risk of never-smokers. The all-cause mortality of those who exclusively smoked cigars was 20% higher than never-smokers, but each group of smokers had a significantly elevated risk of dying from tobacco related cancers.
PositiveTip: No safe form of tobacco exists!
Smoking a single cigarette a day is associated with significantly more risk than non-smokers.
Lighting up just one time per day poses a significantly increased risk for heart disease and stroke. This large meta-analysis of 141 studies in 21 countries found smoking one cigarette a day was associated with a 48-74% increased risk in men, and a 57-118% risk for women.
PositiveTip: Remember, light smoking, smoking fewer cigarettes, and occasion smoking brings a substantial risk of harm.
Smoking kills, on average, 1,200 Americans every day.
Over ten years ago the major tobacco companies were ordered by U.S. federal court to run "corrective statement" ads on national media on the dangers of smoking. Finally, those are due to begin November 26, 2017! These will include messages such as: "More people die every year from smoking than from murder, AIDS, suicide, drugs, car crashes, and alcohol combined." Sadly, while these corporations seek to be seen as responsible citizens, they are the root cause of the problem. The amount they spend for these ads is miniscule compared to the amount they spend on marketing their deadly products.
Smoking just 10 cigarettes a day disrupts child's executive functions in high school.
The short-term risks of smoking during pregnancy have long been recognized. Boston researchers found negative impacts last well into the child's future life. When the mother smoked as few as 10 cigarettes per day during pregnancy, the child suffered organizational, attention span, and time management skill deficits--along with a decreased ability to self-manage their behaviors as a teen.
PositiveTip: Encourage every woman smoker you know of child-bearing age to stop smoking before they become pregnant.
Even a single cigarette each day increases mortality risk by 64%.
Many smokers believe very light smoking or not smoking every day may reduce their health risks. In a study of 290,000 middle-age and older smokers, researcher found long-time, low-volume smokers had significantly higher mortality risks compared with those who had never smoked or quit. Those who reported consistently smoking 1-10 cigarettes a day had an 87% greater chance of dying prematurely. These associations were similar for men and women.
PositiveTip: All smokers--even light smokers--can benefit from smoking cessation.
One absent parent early in life results in greater risk for unhealthy behaviors by 11.
A large U.K. study found when there is an absent parent by age 7, the kids risks of smoking and alcohol consumption prior to their teenage years increased by 2.86 and 1.46, respectively. Earlier initiation of these risky behaviors may impact the risk of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease later in life, as well as dependence issues.
PositiveTip: Children who experience parental absence need support and care from significant others to prevent smoking and alcohol initiation.
Nonsmokers who avoid the sun have a similar risk for death as smokers!
Swedish researchers studied 30,000 women over 20 and found the nonsmokers who stayed out of the sun had a life expectancy similar to smokers with the highest sun exposure. The authors suggest that overexposure should be avoided, but underexposure may be more dangerous than people think. Exercise and lifestyle data were not considered and might have confounded these findings.
PositiveTip: Vitamin D is essential for good health, and appropriate sun exposure is an excellent way of getting it.
Forty percent of regular waterpipe tobacco smokers are at risk for later cigarette use.
A national cohort study found waterpipe tobacco (hookah) smokers were more than twice as likely to try cigarettes than nonsmokers. Yet only 16% of non-waterpipe users showed any susceptibility to cigarette smoking. A majority of the hookah users were men between the ages of 18-21, with only high school diplomas. This study did not determine a cause-and-effect relationship, but one is plausible.
PositiveTip: While often believed to be safer, young and old should be encouraged to stay away from waterpipe smoking.
Smoking is still the single largest cause of disease and preventable premature death.
The 2015 Great American Smokeout is one week away! The American Cancer Society designates the third Thursday of each November to encourage smokers to go the distance and give up smoking. Ready-to-use graphics for social media, flyers, posters and table tents can be downloaded. If you are curious about the impact of smoking in the movies, check out this resource!
PositiveTip: It is never too late to quit smoking. Get the help you need to stop--or help a smoker you know quit!
Preliminary results link smoking bans with reduced cardiovascular disease.
Michigan's state-wide ban on indoor smoking may have helped save lives. American College of Cardiology researchers found that cardiovascular disease related hospitalizations reduced by 2% from 65,329 people to 64,002. On top of these 1,327 lives affected, in-hospital deaths related to cardiovascular disease decreased by 0.38%. The study wasn't able to eliminate all potential confounders, but adds to growing evidence for the potential benefits of public smoking bans.
Positive Tip: Support local efforts to eliminate smoking indoors and seek help in quitting if you smoke.