Clear evidence suggests people can choose to take steps to lower cancer risk.
Cancer is not caused mainly by "bad luck." The authors of a recent paper based this conclusions on estimates of random cell mistakes (mutations) made during cell replication. While genetic mutations are involved in cancers, these may be caused by external and modifiable factors such as adopting a healthy lifestyle.
PositiveTip: Clear evidence supports the value of walking more, drinking water instead of sugary-beverages, substituting veggies for fatty foods, and many other simple measures that lower the risk of cancer.
Four years of supplemental vitamin D and calcium made no difference in cancer risk.
Researchers divided 2300 postmenopausal, healthy women aged 65 or older, into two groups. One group received 2000 IU/day of vitamin D3 and 1500 mg/day of calcium; the other a placebo. After 4 years, the difference in any new cancer incidence between groups was insignificant--including breast cancer. While more research is needed, this study indicates supplementation later in life may not make significant differences.
PositiveTip: Adequate vitamin D and calcium are essential throughout the life span, but supplementation may not be necessary.
Aim for 30+ minutes of physical activity a day--in any way!
More than a quarter of adults in America age 50+ reported no physical activity outside of work during the past month--that is about 31 million people at higher risk for obesity, heart disease, and cancer. The largest demographic of inactive people was in the South. The American Institute for Cancer Research reports too much body fat increases the risk of 11 cancers.
Why should we control added sugars?
Each cell in our body, including any cancer cells, uses sugar (glucose) from our blood to fuel its metabolism. The foods we eat, even the healthful vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, provide this source of energy. There is no clear evidence that dietary sugar preferentially feeds tumors over other cells in the body. The connection is an indirect one: eating lots of high-sugar foods increases the risk of obesity, and in turn increases the risk of many cancers. Learn more in this video.
PositiveTip: Heed the good advice in the 2015 Dietary Guidelines to carefully limit added sugars.
Each 1.75 ounces (50 gm) of processed meat increases risk of colorectal cancer by 18%.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer released an evaluation of red and processed meat consumption that has created a small media frenzy. An international group of scientists, after a careful review of the accumulated data, has classified processed meat as carcinogenic to humans based on sufficient evidence, and red meat as probably carcinogenic to humans based on limited evidence.
PositiveTip: The most wholesome diet continues to be largely plant-based without the use of processed meats.
Parents who embrace a healthy lifestyle are positive role models for their kids.
You know healthy habits can reduce the risk of cancer and other health issues. Did you know the sooner those habits start, the greater the impact they will have? The American Institute for Cancer Research has many practical activities and tips to help you adopt a low-risk lifestyle for your home. Checkout this printable chart and place it on your refrigerator for frequent reminders.
PositiveTip: Remember, you need to be a positive role model for your children and grandchildren!
A good diet in the underserved population helps prevent illness.
Low-income U.S. adults who eat a healthy diet experienced about 20% lower risk of heart disease and cancer. Almost 78,000 adults, half who had an annual income less than $15,000, were followed from 2002 to 2009. The quality of their diets was evaluated using the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the Healthy Eating Index. After adjusting for confounders, the advantages remained.
PositiveTip: Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and some nuts. Reduce or eliminate red and processed meats and sugar-sweetened foods.
Fourteen million in the U.S. survived cancer!
A lot is known today about how food, diet and physical activity relate to the health of those who survive cancer. The American Institute of Cancer Research (AICR) in partnership with the World Cancer Fund provides some very practical guidelines to reduce future risk. These include focusing on a mostly plant-based diet, avoiding even small amounts of alcohol, exercising daily, and not smoking.
PositiveTip: Choose wise living to increase your chances of surviving cancer.
Most cancer patients suffer with untreated depression.
A recent series of studies have found that cancer patients are 3-6 times more likely to be depressed but 75% aren't getting treatment for it. Depression can threaten a patient’s life if it sabotages their will to live and persevere through treatment. Researchers found that a nurse-led solution that integrated antidepressant drugs, physical activity and problem-solving therapy significantly reduced depression in cancer patients.
PositiveTip: Be sure to treat both body and mind if you, or a loved one, must battle cancer.
“I’m afraid my food was grown in poor soil and doesn’t have the right nutrition.” “What if my food has been contaminated by pesticides?” “Will I get cancer from my food?” “Did someone irradiate my food?” “Do I need to avoid a certain types of food?”
These are questions heard by nutritionists every day from concerned people – who are misinformed. The misinformation comes from multiple sources: who have a “safer” product to sell, who have a “back to nature” agenda, who have done their research on fear-mongering web-sites. And some – also as fearful – are “helping” to spread “the truth” about the “dangerous” condition of food. The truth is – in general – food in the United States is safe.